The use of refrigeration, either directly or as part of an air-conditioning system, is essential to almost every branch of industry.
There is a need for practitioners to familiarise themselves with the general principles and methods of refrigeration and air conditioning, and the types of plant and operation currently in use.
Alternatives in Refrigeration and Air Conditioning highlights the issues related to ozone layer depletion and global warming due to use of conventional cooling technologies and refrigerants in the field of Refrigeration and Air Conditioning (RAC). It describes, simulates and analyzes the alternate technologies and alternate refrigerants from energy and exergy point of view. The unconventional and alternative refrigeration technologies viz. Vapor Absorption Refrigeration, Vapor Adsorption Refrigeration, Evaporative Cooling, Desiccant Cooling, Thermoelectric Refrigeration, Thermo Acoustic Refrigeration, Ejector Cooling, Vortex Tube Refrigeration Systems and Metal Hydride Refrigeration etc. are explored in the subject matter of this book. The combined or integrated approach of some technologies to enhance the performance, waste heat utilization or to increase the arena of its use is also discussed. This book will cater to the needs of the RAC community from the point of view of feasible futuristic options in this area. This book will also serve as a text book for postgraduate students especially of thermal and energy engineering stream and useful to the teachers, researchers, and practicing engineers.
Although conventional cogeneration systems have been used successfully in the last two decades, most of them have been large units using mainly hydrocarbon fuels that are becoming increasingly expensive. New cogeneration systems based on fuel cells and sorption air conditioning systems promise to be an energy-saving alternative for situations when cooling, heating and power are needed at low and medium capacities.
Cogeneration Fuel Cell-Sorption Air Conditioning Systems examines the thermodynamic principles of fuel cell performance and sorption air conditioning systems, and gives relevant information about the state of the art of these technologies. It also provides the reader with the theoretical bases and knowledge needed to understand the operation of these new cogeneration systems, as well as discussing the design basis and economical evaluation. Topics covered include: selected fuel cells for cogeneration CHP processes, state-of-the-art sorption refrigeration systems, potential applications in demonstration projects and profitability assessment of the cogeneration system.
Air conditioning and fuel cell engineers; postgraduates and researchers in energy fields; and designers of cooling, heating and power cogeneration systems will find Cogeneration Fuel Cell-Sorption Air Conditioning Systems a useful and informative reference.
This wide-ranging collection of essays is written by one of the world#xE2;#xAC;"s foremost experts on weather and climate. Six of the chapters have not been published before. The rest, taken from a variety of sources, have been thoroughly revised and brought right up to date #xE2;#xAC;#x1C; taking account, for example, of the Chernobyl disaster, the risks of nuclear power, and the ozone controversy. Hubert Lamb is able to provide a mature assessment of the effect of weather on people, and vice versa. His is a uniquely authoritative voice in the current debates about today#xE2;#xAC;"s environment and the prospects for the future. After a general introduction the book is divided into three parts. The first part consists of a chronological series of portraits of climate and its impact on human affairs and the environment. These extend from the warm climates of the geological past to the current drought in Africa. There are several studies of the last few centuries and, in particular, of the various effects of the so-called #xE2;#xAC;#xDC;little Ice Age#xE2;#xAC;". The second part is concerned with the causes and mechanisms of climate and weather changes, including chapters discussing Christmas weather, fronts and volcanoes. In the final part Hubert Lamb looks to the future, and attempts to put into perspective some of the pessimistic forecasts currently available. The text, which is consistently authoritative but always readable, is augmented by numerous maps, diagrams and photographs.
Written for both the undergraduate/graduate level student as well as practitioners in the field, this text incorporates all programming aspects of strength and conditioning including training methods to develop muscular strength and power, flexibility, and the development of effective warm-up regimens. Performance analysis techniques in sport are introduced while the constraints-led approach to motor skills acquisition is presented as a framework that can guide the development of practices for the strength and conditioning practitioner. The biomechanical and motor skill acquisition concepts introduced in the text are then applied to fundamental movements including jumping, landing, and sprint running. Key Features: - Provides a solid introduction to biomechanics pertinent to the study of human movements - Discusses the performance analysis techniques in sport that can be used by the strength and conditioning practitioner to determine the physiological, mechanical, and technical demands of specific sports, and also the assessment of the techniques used in the execution of sport-specific skills - Includes a critical review of the different approaches to motor skill acquisition - Incorporates clear learning objectives and worked examples in each chapter that allow readers to apply the concepts to real-life situations - Discusses the application of the most recent research pertinent to concepts in each chapter - Includes appendices to expand on some of the more complex mathematical techniques required to perform biomechanical analyses and useful resources to aid the student in locating and evaluating scientific evidence.
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